Chapter 01 Power Point Essay

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Chapter 1

The Science of Psychology

© 2013 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part.

1

Chapter Preview
• Defining psychology and exploring its roots

• Contemporary approaches to psychology
• Psychology’s scientific method
• Types of psychological research

© 2013 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not authorized for sale or distribution in any manner. This document may not be copied, scanned, duplicated, forwarded, distributed, or posted on a website, in whole or part.

2

Chapter Preview
• Research samples and settings

• Conducting ethical research
• Learning about psychology means learning about you

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3

Chapter Preview
• Scientific study of behavior and

mental processes
• Key terms
• Science
• Behavior
• Mental processes

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4

Psychological Frame of Mind
• Attitudes of scientific approach
• Critical thinking
• Curiosity
• Skepticism
• Objectivity

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5

Science of All Human Behavior
• Diverse field
• Understanding truths of human life in all dimensions • Includes people’s best and worst experiences

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6

Figure 1.1 - Settings in Which
Psychologists Work

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7

Historical Perspective






Western philosophy
Biology and physiology
Wilhelm Wundt and structuralism
William James and functionalism
Charles Darwin and natural selection

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8

Structuralism
• Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920)
• German philosopher-physician
• First psychology laboratory (1879)

• Identify elements, or structures, of mental processes • Introspection

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9

Functionalism
• William James (1842-1910)
• American psychologist and philosopher

• Identify purposes, or functions, of the mind
• Why is human thought adaptive?
• Natural flow of thought, or stream of consciousness © 2013 by McGraw-Hill Education. This is proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not…